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Alpha liponic acid
α-Liponic acid, more precisely (R)-lipoic acid, is a fatty acid that occurs as a coenzyme and component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in the mitochondria of almost all eukaryotes. The salts of lipoic acid are called lipoates.
The two sulphur atoms of alpha-lipoic acid are linked together in a ring structure so that alpha-lipoic acid is both water- and fat-soluble. The body itself forms alpha lipoic acid, and the food (especially beef and offal such as liver, heart and kidneys) also contains small amounts of alpha lipoic acid.